Fifty years into his career in fashion—and one year into his Supreme- and Kardashians-induced renaissance—Jean Paul Gaultier announced that Wednesday’s couture show would be his last. It isn’t the first time that Gaultier has semi-retired: In 2014, he shuttered both his ready-to-wear and menswear lines to focus exclusively on couture, citing the industry’s rapid-fire pace. At one point, Gaultier was responsible for producing 18 collections per year. And these weren’t just any collections; the now 67-year-old designer never ceased to live up to his reputation as fashion’s resident enfant terrible. It stretches back to the ‘80s, when he first started “projecting women’s breasts as missile launchers,” as the critic Cathy Horyn once put it, and dressing men in skirts. (All while showcasing his respect and talent for the craft of the métier.) 

And yet, Gaultier still managed to present his designs in a manner emblematic of a time when shows were truly spectacles. When Gaultier chose a theme, he stuck to it—to the point that his shows regularly clocked in at 45 minutes. (Among his various antics: serving vodka and caviar at a U.S.S.R.-themed couture show, casting everyone and everything from Conchita Wurst to mannequins, and encouraging runway models to smoke clove cigarettes.) Revisit more of his greatest hits on the runway, here.


The topless Madonna

Gaultier’s 1992 runway benefit for amFAR was a showcase if there ever was one for Gaultier’s dedication to reinventing the idea of women—and men—as sex objects. At the same time, it also raised $700,000 for AIDS research, thanks in no small part to its wide-ranging cast of celebrities. There was Dr. Ruth in a rubber nurse uniform and Faye Dunaway in yellow feathered thigh-highs. There was Billy Idol mooning the audience. And, most famously, there was Madonna, who made the last-minute decision to hit the runway topless.

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The human cone head

Decades after introducing the Madonna-beloved cone bra, Gaultier experimented with a new type of cone—the plastic kind usually seen wrapped around a dog's (and, in this case, the model Lily Cole's) head.

The Björk cameo

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Björk’s runway appearances are all too rare, but Gaultier booked her for his fall/winter 1994 RTW show all the same. The same year that she released her debut album, Björk joined the usual suspects—Linda Evangelista, Naomi Campbell, and Kate Moss among them, plus Portia de Rossi—on the fake snow-covered runway. (The moment was fortunately preserved in the 1994 film Prêt-à-Porter.)

The nanny Madonna

Leave it to Gaultier to attempt to encompass an entire century of fashion in a single collection which he titled “Fin de Siècle.” Of course, he did that and more, enlisting Madonna to push a puppy in an antique pram down the runway for the show’s finale. According to Vogue, he stuck around afterward and “bizarrely gave interviews from a velvet box.”

The surprise G string

Like so many Gaultier moments, the legacy of spring/summer 1997 is rooted in undergarments. Its “business in the front, party in the back” theme culminated with the show’s grand finale, when the final, apparently fully clothed couture bride turned around to offer her bouquet to the crowd—or at least a glimpse of it. As her backless gown readily showcased, it was attached to her G string.

The Virgins

On the one hand, spring/summer 2007 couture stands out because it marked a rare occasion when Gaultier’s references to religious iconography managed not to offend. And on the other, it stands out for being simply stunning (though definitely still camp). Hand-painted blood red tears dotted several models’ faces, many of whom were painted white and topped off with halos. They could have been statues, Madonnas, or visiting saints. Of course, when it came to the collection's title, Gaultier went with the cheekiest option: "Virgins."

The Irish jig

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Not a week goes by that I’m not reminded by someone I work with of the time I Irish danced down #JeanPaulGaultier’s runway in 2007. To be honest, the fact people still remember it all these years later is amazing to me, especially because there was literally only ONE smart phone in the audience that year that captured the show and posted it to YouTube 13 years ago. When I did my fitting for the show @jpgaultierofficial had already decided on a Scottish themed soundtrack and that's when he found out I was randomly trained in Irish dance before modeling. Scottish and Irish dance are very different but it was his idea to combine the two and have me open the show doing something really special. He left it up to me to come up with the choreography, which made me more than a little nervous. I’d walked in quite a few fashion shows before, but this was the first time I'd done any kind of special “performance”. Would people like it or think it was bizarre? Would I, blinded by lights, leap right over the edge of the catwalk into Anna Wintour’s lap on the front row? I had no idea. The dance was a big success, I didn’t fall off the runway, and @voguemagazine magazine later named it the “Coco Moment”. I think people were just so surprised to see me do such an obscure dance down such a very very long runway. I didn't expect people would remember it past that season but they have, and still do, even now years later. After this show in 2007 Jean Paul continued to bring me all sorts of fantastic ideas for his runway - one year it was a mud fight, another I was a mermaid with a real fish tale. Once I was on a giant 20 foot swing and another time I was literally in a wheel barrow. There was never a shortage of fun ideas with #JPG and I was always up for every one of them all.

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Five years after she was discovered at an Irish dance competition, a then 18-year-old Coco Rocha took her skills to Gaultier’s fall/winter 2007 RTW runway. Wearing a tartan kilt, she opened the show by enthusiastically performing a bit of the Irish jig. It was Rocha’s breakthrough, but discovering Rocha appears to have been something of a milestone for the designer, too. Gaultier has repeatedly invited Rocha back to his runways, along with her daughter, who made her runway debut at Gaultier’s spring/summer 2018 couture show at the age of two.

The Beth Ditto cameo

Gaultier has never lacked enthusiasm for supermodels, but he's also stayed true to street casting and exploring the options beyond traditional runway models (or, as his website puts it, “skinny Swedish blondes”). None of his casting decisions seem to have delighted him more than the musician Beth Ditto, who walked his spring/summer 2011 show in a laser-cut dress, singing a capella. Rather than take a bow, Gaultier burst onto the runway in full fanboy mode, applauding Ditto and wearing a Gossip t-shirt.

The surprise Mother Ginger

Gaultier’s spring/summer 2013 couture show played host to a special guest: a high-fashion take on The Nutcracker’s Mother Ginger, who turned out to have four adorable children hiding under her gigantic hoop skirt. 

The reign of Judge Rossy

What’s better than watching Gaultier's longtime muse Rossy De Palma walk the runway? Watching Rossy De Palma watch those walking the runway, then judging them by holding up signs reading words like “boring” and “guapa.” (De Palma played a similar role at Gaultier’s final ready-to-wear show a year later, embodying Miss French committee’s Madame de Fontaney.)

Related: A Look Back at Karl Lagerfeld’s Biggest Runway Controversies at Chanel